Hair and Beauty Glossary


This is a glossary of terms for hair and beauty to aid the D/deaf. Select the term you are interested in and click on the word video to open it full screen or press the play button on the embedded video clip. 


The signs used in these clips are known and used by the learners at Vision West Nottinghamshire College. 


They are intended to be used solely as a resource and do not necessarily represent definitive BSL signs.


Browse the glossary using this index

Special | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z | ALL

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A

Alopecia

Baldness.

Entry link: 
  Alopecia

Arrector Pili Muscle

helps keep the body temperature (hair stands on end)

Entry link: 
  Arrector Pili Muscle

B

Base Colour

A colour product for hair.

Entry link: 
  Base Colour

Black

A colour.

Entry link: 
  Black

Block

A dummy head (hair block) used for practising cuts, styles and techniques.

Entry link: 
  Block

Blonde

A colour, a light grayish yellow.

Entry link: 
  Blonde

Bond

A link or joining. One item bonds to another.

Entry link: 
  Bond

Brown

A colour.

Entry link: 
  Brown

Brush

BrushesAn implement that has 'bristles' firmly set into a handle, used for grooming the hair.

Entry link: 
  Brush

Brush Applicator

A brush - usually small, for applying products.

Entry link: 
  Brush Applicator

C

Chair

An item for sitting on.

Entry link: 
  Chair

Clip

ClipsA device for holding the hair in sections.

Entry link: 
  Clip

Comb

CombsA device used for disentangling hair. Usually flat with pointed teeth on one edge.

Entry link: 
  Comb

Conditioner

A product that makes hair soft, rebuilds hair, closes down cuticles.conditioner

Entry link: 
  Conditioner

Cortex

A hair layer under cuticle has pigment and bonds.

Entry link: 
  Cortex

Cuticle

The outside layer of hair overlap like tiles on a roof.

Entry link: 
  Cuticle

Cutting

The act of shortening by chopping off the ends. An activity often carried out with scissors.

Entry link: 
  Cutting

D

Damaged Hair

Hair that has had something happen to it to cause a defect.

Entry link: 
  Damaged Hair

Dandruff

Flaky scalp. 

Entry link: 
  Dandruff

Dark

Depth of hair colour.

Entry link: 
  Dark

Dark Hair

Hair that is not pale coloured. Depth of hair colour.
Video

Entry link: 
  Dark Hair

Dermis

Second layer of skin.

Entry link: 
  Dermis

E

Effleurage

A stroking movement. Usually carried out at the start of shampooing.

Entry link: 
  Effleurage

Elasticity

Stretch of the hair.

Entry link: 
  Elasticity

Epidermis

Top layer of the skin.

Entry link: 
  Epidermis

F

Foil

FoilUsed during highlighting sections of hair.

Entry link: 
  Foil

Fragilitas Crinium

split ends due to physical/ chemical damage

Entry link: 
  Fragilitas Crinium

Friction

(A quick movement) An action to encourage blood supply.

Entry link: 
  Friction

G

Gel

GelUsed to hold hair in place. Makes hair stiff.

Entry link: 
  Gel

Ginger

A term used to refer to people with red coloured hair.

Entry link: 
  Ginger

Gown

GownA protective garment worn to keep the clients clothes clean.

Entry link: 
  Gown

Grey

A colour mid way between black and white.

Entry link: 
  Grey

H

Hair Brittle

A type of hair.

Entry link: 
  Hair Brittle

Hair Condition

How the hair is.

Entry link: 
  Hair Condition

Hair Conditioner

A product for conditioning the hair, makes the hair soft, rebuilds the hair and closes down the cuticle.

Entry link: 
  Hair Conditioner

Hair Density

Number of hairs on the head.

Entry link: 
  Hair Density

Hair Dry

Type of hair.

Entry link: 
  Hair Dry

Hair Dryer

Hair dryerHand held or hood dryer for setting.

Entry link: 
  Hair Dryer

Hair Greasy

Type of hair.

Entry link: 
  Hair Greasy

Hair Normal

Type of hair.

Entry link: 
  Hair Normal

Hair Papilla

Feeds hair with blood supply.

Entry link: 
  Hair Papilla

Hair Spray

Hair sprayUsed to hold style in place and protects from weather.

Entry link: 
  Hair Spray

Hair Texture

Fine, medium or thick.

Entry link: 
  Hair Texture

Hair Type

Dry, brittle, normal, greasy, wiry.

Entry link: 
  Hair Type

Hygroscopic

Takes in water, as in hair is Hygroscopic.

Entry link: 
  Hygroscopic

K

Kit

kitA collection of the required tools.

Entry link: 
  Kit

L

Light

Hair depth, how dark or light hair is.

Entry link: 
  Light

Light Hair

Hair depth. How dark or light the hair is.

Entry link: 
  Light Hair

M

Medulla

Middle of the hair.

Entry link: 
  Medulla

Mirror

MirrorA shiny surface for reflecting an image.

Entry link: 
  Mirror

Monilithrix

Beaded hair shaft.

Entry link: 
  Monilithrix

Mousse

MousseFoaming product used to style hair.

Entry link: 
  Mousse

P

Perming Rods

Perming RodsSmall rods used in the perming process.

Entry link: 
  Perming Rods

Petrissage

(deep, slow movement) kneading actions.

Entry link: 
  Petrissage

Porous

Lets in water / moisture.

Entry link: 
  Porous

Psoriasis

Silvery raised skin, itchy.

Entry link: 
  Psoriasis

R

Red

A colour. One of the three primary colours.

Entry link: 
  Red

Rollers

RollersA small round item.
Wind down with thumbs when setting.

Entry link: 
  Rollers

Rotary

Circular movement when shampooing.

Entry link: 
  Rotary

Rubber Cap

A tool used in certain colouring techniques.

Entry link: 
  Rubber Cap

S

Scissors

ScissorsA cutting tool. Can be grouped with 'sharps'.

Entry link: 
  Scissors

Sebaceous Cyst

Swelling oil gland.

Entry link: 
  Sebaceous Cyst

Setting

A technique of putting and keeping hair in place.

Entry link: 
  Setting

Shampoo

ShampooA product to clean the hair or the act of using the product - to shampoo.

Entry link: 
  Shampoo

Shower Spray

A tap attachment to spread the water.

Entry link: 
  Shower Spray

Sink

A bowl shaped fixture used for washing hands etc.

Entry link: 
  Sink

Straightener

StraightenerA device for straightening the hair.

Entry link: 
  Straightener

Strand Test

checking colour for development.

Entry link: 
  Strand Test

T

Test Curl

Check for S shape development.

Entry link: 
  Test Curl

Tongs

TongdA two pronged tool used to style the hair.

Entry link: 
  Tongs

Towel

TowelsA piece of absorbent cloth for drying or wiping.

Entry link: 
  Towel

Trichorrhexis Nodosa

A split along the hair shaft.

Entry link: 
  Trichorrhexis Nodosa

U

Uniform

A code of dress identifying the staff in a salon.

Entry link: 
  Uniform

W

Wax

WaxUsed to define curls or style.

Entry link: 
  Wax

White

A colour. Very light.

Entry link: 
  White

Work Station

A position where work is carried out.

Entry link: 
  Work Station


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